Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise, steadily increasing over the years despite the advantages of modern medicine. Fifteen out of every 100 adults are being treated for this lasting and continuing condition. That’s 37 million people in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which also reports that one of every two people with low functioning kidneys and not on dialysis should be diagnosed with this condition.
Why did chronic kidney disease jump from 27th on the list of diseases responsible for deaths worldwide in 1990 to 18th in the year 2010? Now kidney disease is ninth on the CDC list of top 10 killers in the United States in 2017.
Recent studies conclude that only about 10 percent of the 661,000 Americans with CKD are receiving appropriate treatment, including medicine, lifestyle changes, and dialysis. Undiagnosed and untreated cases number in the millions worldwide. This is especially prevalent in an expanding elderly population with CKD who should be receiving medical attention.
A major reason is that symptoms of CKD are difficult to detect in the early stages and may pass as undiscovered, undiagnosed and untreated. Thus a growing population has the disease and doesn’t know it. There is a dangerous connection between diabetes and high blood pressure to renal/kidney diseases. Those with the greatest risk to this deadly combination are African Americans, Hispanics and Mexican Americans.
—Prevention Advice… You can keep your kidneys healthy by controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure—
What are the major risk factors for chronic kidney disease?
Other than diabetes and high blood pressure risk factors include obesity, heart disease, and family history. Aging is a major risk factor and the percentage leaps significantly beyond 66 years of age.
Just How Prevalent Is Chronic Kidney Disease and Can It Be Controlled?
The number of U.S. residents with CKD is higher than those with cardiovascular disease. There are an estimated 30 million people, or 15 percent of adults in this country, with this condition. The good news is that once detected, lifestyle changes can positively influence CKD, and that includes making healthier dietary choices. There are also medications that may help control the advance of CKD at a level that may avert additional problems, including heart disease.
Since early symptoms are so difficult to detect, the only sure way to diagnose CKD are specific urine and blood tests. These tests will measure both the protein level in the urine and the creatinine level in the blood.
Renal disorders are those related to the kidney, and chronic kidney disease, if not intercepted soon enough, will lead to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Apart from chronic kidney disease, the figures for people suffering from other types of renal disorders are also rising at an alarming rate.
What Is End Stage Renal Disease?
When your kidneys are no longer working, a.k.a. kidney failure, you can only survive by dialysis or a kidney transplant. This is end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A diagnosis of chronic kidney disease and timely treatment can stem the advance toward End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
The number of people treated for ESRD was 118,000 in 2014, which, when compared to 2010, signifies an annual increase of patients of approximately 21,000. There was even a more prodigious increase among children in just the United States— as much as 600 percent.
According to 2013 figures, the total number of kidney transplants in 2013 are estimated at 17,600 in the U.S. There could have been significantly more were it not for the long waiting list.